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Demographics: Commercial Heating and Cooling Technology Types

There are a variety of gas-fired and electric technology types available to meet various commercial building heating and cooling requirements.

End-Use Service by Fuel

     Technology Types

Electric Space Heating:

air-source heat pump, ground-source heat pump, boiler, packaged space heating (electric resistance), radiant heating

Natural Gas Space Heating:

boiler, furnace, engine-driven heat pump, absorption heat pump, radiant, hydronic  

Fuel Oil Space Heating:

boiler, furnace

Electric Space Cooling:

air-source heat pump, ground-source heat pump, reciprocating chiller, centrifugal chiller, rooftop air conditioner, residential style central air conditioner, window unit

Natural Gas Space Cooling:

absorption chiller, engine-driven chiller, rooftop air conditioner, engine-driven heat pump, absorption heat pump

Electric Water Heating:

electric resistance, heat pump water heater, tankless water heater

Natural Gas Water Heating:

natural gas water heater, tankless water heater

Fuel Oil Water Heating:

fuel oil water heater

Ventilation:

small Constant Air Volume (CAV) system, large CAV system, small Variable Air Volume (VAV) system, large VAV system, fan coil unit, multi-zone CAV system

Humidity Control

Liquid or solid desiccant dehumidification systems

Source: EIA, The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview March, 2003